Please note that in contrast to the format used for the published sources given in the first three examples above, the formatting of references for unpublished sources does not include italics, as there Referencing for law essays no publication title to highlight. The text reference above indicates to the reader that the point being made draws on a work by Lyon, published in The Archaeology of Europe, Lecture 1.
These details should include: The experience of the Student Learning Centre at Leicester is that many students are anxious to improve their writing skills, and are keen to seek help and guidance Maria Lorenzini, pers.
Effective Literature Searching for Students second edition. Note that in this example reference has been made to a specific point within a very long text in this instance a book and so a page number has been added.
Full details of how to use this system are provided by the School. Even if you have reorganised a table of data, or redrawn a figure, you should still acknowledge its source: Before you write Whenever you read or research material for your writing, make sure that you include in your notes, or on any photocopied material, the full publication details of Referencing for law essays relevant text that you read.
It explains the main principles of accurately referencing such sources in your work. Book references The simplest format, for a book reference, is given first; it is the full reference for one of the works quoted in the examples above.
Type of work entered by humanities graduates data from Lyon, The same general principles apply to the referencing of all published sources, but for specific conventions consult your departmental handbook or your tutor, or look at the more detailed reference books listed in the Further reading section of this guide.
The publisher and place of publication are not normally required for journals. You may need to cite an unpublished idea or discussion point from an oral presentation, such as a lecture.
There are also software programs, for example, Endnote and Refworks that are designed to manage references. Journal articles Journal articles must also include: When to use references Your source should be acknowledged every time the point that you make, or the data or other information that you use, is substantially that of another writer and not your own.
The only rule governing formatting is the rule of consistency. Referencing web pages The internet is increasingly used as a source of information and it is just as important to reference internet sources as it is to reference printed sources.
Full details of the source are then given in a reference list or bibliography at the end of the text. There are many other ways in which references can be formatted - look at the books and articles you read for other examples and at any guidelines in your course handbooks.
Referencing your work allows the reader: When a publication has several authors, it is usual to give the surname of the first author followed by et al.
National Westminster Bank plc. Information on the internet changes rapidly and web pages move or are sometimes inaccessible meaning it can often be difficult to validate or even find information cited from the internet. The seminars that are often a part of humanities courses can provide opportunities for students to develop the communication and interpersonal skills that are valued by employers Lyon, Papers or articles within an edited book A reference to a paper or article within an edited book should in addition include: The reference above includes: Citing your source within the text As the name suggests, the citation in the text normally includes the name s surname only of the author s and the date of the publication.
A suggested format is to include the author of the information this may be an individual, group or organisationthe date the page was put on the internet most web pages have a date at the bottom of the pagethe title, the http: When referencing web pages it is helpful to include details that will help other people check or follow up the information.
You may also wish to refer to other types of publications, including PhD dissertations, translated works, newspaper articles, dictionary or encyclopaedia entries or legal or historical texts. As a very rough guide, while the introduction and the conclusions to your writing might be largely based on your own ideas, within the main body of your report, essay or dissertation, you would expect to be drawing on, and thus referencing your debt to, the work of others in each main section or paragraph.
This gives the reader the opportunity to find the particular place in the text where the point referred to is made. The continuum of influences on learning from Knapper and Cropley, Note that in the last two references above, it is the book title and the journal name that are italicised, not the title of the paper or article.
For particularly important points, or for parts of texts that you might wish to quote word for word, also include in your notes the specific page reference.Referencing and bibliographies Study guide Why reference? When you are writing an essay, report, dissertation or any other form of academic writing, your own thoughts and ideas inevitably build on those of other writers, researchers or teachers.
If you are studying with the School of Law. ALWD Citation Manual; eBooks. PDF; ePub; Mobi; WHAT AND WHY? Introduction; Purposes of Legal Citation; Types of Citation Principles; Levels of Mastery; Law Journal Writing; ABBREVIATIONS & OMISSIONS USED IN CITATIONS.
Words in Case Names; Case Histories; Omissions in Case Names; Reporters & Courts; States; Months. Resources for legal research and writing, including guides to broad areas of law. Referencing Your Law Dissertation.
Each university has a different referencing system and indeed, the referencing requirements for each course may vary still, so you need to check your individual course guidelines carefully.
Topic summary. The UNE School of Law has adopted the Australian Guide to Legal Citation (3 nd ed, )(AGLC 3) as the standard for referencing law essays. If you are a beginning law student, you may benefit from some assistance with the basics of referencing and footnoting from this guide.
GUIDE TO FOOTNOTING IN LAW This guide is based on the style of the South African Law Journal Contents: Chapters or essays in books where different authors are responsible for different chapters EE Flynn.
Jails. end of the citation: Books South African Law Commission (or SALC).
Money laundering and related matters. ().Download