Dysfunctional families, or broken homes, are quite common in impoverished communities compared to middle- and upper-class communities.
Dysfunctional families are also the largest source of runaway youth. Seals used annual county unemployment rates to see if there is a correlation between higher unemployment rates and increased gang activity.
Incarceration rates, however, are not consistent across all adolescent populations. Under such conditions, criminality and violence become more common, as does gang membership.
Gangs arise from every ethnicity in America, and we should examine some studies and reliable statistics in order to get a clearer picture of the problem of gangs in America. There has also been a significant increase in the female violent crime rate in the United States.
Types of criminal activities that the gang is involved in within the prison system. Although the gang has been involved in hundreds of acts of violence behind prison walls, one of the more notorious incidents occurred in when two members of the Aryan Brotherhood incarcerated at the federal prison in Marion, Illinois "murdered the leader of a rival gang, the D.
Just a decade later, the Aryan Brotherhood had succeeded in establishing gangs in the majority of the prisons in the United States Atkins, Each year, approximately 2. Basic beliefs and mission. Recent examples of criminal activities by this gang include prison-based drug dealing conspiracies Smith, Over the years, the types of criminal activities Aryan Brotherhood have been reported engaging in by prison officials have included extortion, drug operations, prostitution, and murder Atkins, Their conclusion is that female adolescents have been "closing the gap with male adolescents in terms of being arrested and committing more violent crimes.
Growth in affiliated gang membership has swelled the Folk Nation roles in recent years Crews, They are not being educated enough to understand.
The "Individuals" hybrid gang all wear their identifiers to the left side, while the "Folks" hybrid gangs wear their identifiers on the right Roles, They cite a study in which homeless and runaway youths were interviewed, and which revealed that "almost half of the youths were involved in gangs or were actual gang members.
According to McShane and Williams, "Their organizational structure consists of a single leader, a central committee, and a loose ranking of soldiers. That study gives the following definition for the concept of gang-involvement: Hybrid gangs are not a new threat, nevertheless the most recent state study displays the problem is getting worse especially in South Florida.
Citing other researchers, Seals observes that gangs are probably the main distributors of all illegal drugs, and most adolescents who commit murders in American cities are members of gangs p.
Rather, in looking at the percentage of African American and Hispanic youth who are living in ghetto-like conditions, this number would be a much higher percentage than the overall percentage of white youths living in such conditions.
Although the gang does not have a formal national leadership, individual leaders are commonplace in most prisons Atkins, After age 16, youth membership in gangs begins to decline.
Voisin writes, "male adolescents were equally as likely as female adolescents to belong to a gang" p. It is clear that in that region criminal hybrid gangs are spreading violence and fear in their neighborhoods making places like their parks unusable, and even bringing corrupt behavior passages to work and school, stopping legitimate businesses consisting of tourism, and bringing down property values.
Right now, there are more hybrid gangs in Florida than ever before, with approximately in South Florida alone, as stated by the latest state study.
In one study based on responses from male inmates in 6 juvenile correctional facilities in 4 States, researchers found that movement from nongame membership to gang membership brought increases in most forms of gun-involved conduct.
Catering primarily to drug dealers with a propensity for violence, the gang is highly a secretive and has the motto "Kill to get in, die to get out" Atkins, This is the question Seals examined, but he points out that there is not much data to research when trying to answer itp.
Communities lack acknowledgment of understanding the characteristics of hybrid gangs. The Mexican Mafia was originally formed as a religious group that worshipped an ancient pre-Hispanic cultural heritage; however, the principal mission of the gang has always been to "protect themselves against African-American convicts, other inmates and the prison staff" Mexican Mafia,para.
A discussion concerning the types of criminal activities that gangs are engaged in prison system is followed by a comparative analysis of these gangs concerning similarities and differences with respect to their respective missions, threat levels and types of criminal activity in the conclusion.
It also looks at the question of whether economic incentive is a factor in gang membership, and whether or not peer pressure increases violent crimes among gang members. According to Muggleton and Weinzierlthe Folk Nation uses extreme and indiscriminate violence to achieve its objectives and members "represent" with a six-point crown and various hand signs p.
South Florida does not acknowledge that the gangs belong to one of two alliances, either "People" or "Folks. For the past 80 years, ethnographic research has linked the behavioral patterns of the urban under-privileged to street gang formation and proliferation. Blacks, by sneaking up behind him in the shower and then brutally stabbing and slashing him 67 times.
For example, according to Witkowski"The Gangster Disciples are the largest gang in the Folk Nation and comprise some 30, members primarily in the Chicago area and the Midwest" p.
They then dragged his bloody, mutilated corpse through a cellblock while white inmates cheered and chanted racial slurs" Holthouse,p.The National Youth Gang Survey reported that there are approximatelyactive gang members in the United States (Egley, Howell, & Moore, ).
The National Youth Gang Survey also states that there are about 27, active gangs in the United States (Egley et al., ). Gangs are larger in population and tend to be more prevalent in the United States, compared to other countries.
Instatistics showed that there were 20, active gangs and more than 1 million gang members in the United States (Pacheco,p. OUTLAW MOTORCYCLE GANGS USA OVERVIEW This report is designed to give a brief overview of the organized crime activities of outlaw motorcycle gangs in the United States.
The information contained in the report is.
Gangs Essay Examples. 68 total results. The Origins of Gangs and Their Reasons for Violence. An Overview of the Gang Reality in the United States.
1, words. 3 pages. The Reason Behind the Kids in the Neo-Nazi Gangs. An Overview of the Paper String Gangs in the United States. words. 1 page. An Analysis of Peer. Gang Prevention: An Overview of Research and Programs by James C. Howell Highlights in the number and size of gangs across the United States and the criminal behavior and violence they spawn, little is known about the dynamics that drive gangs and how to best combat their growth.
For instance, no consensus. Overview History, Causes. American youth becoming involved in gangs is not a new phenomenon. The first documented youth gang was in the late s in New York, so gangs have been part of American culture for well over two centuries (Arinde,p.